It is impossible to create such collective at once, the long time for this purpose is required. In this regard usually allocate three stages in development of collective. The criterion of this development is considered the relation of collective to the imposed pedagogical requirements.
It is considered to be these bodies in student's collectives formal. Except these formal structures in collectives there are still structures informal which officially are not elected and are not appointed, but really influence collective activity and public opinion.
The second situation is connected with that education cannot be limited only to personal influence of the teacher on each pupil. It surely has to be supported with versatile influence of collective which not only provides freedom and security of the personality, but also acts as the carrier of healthy morals and accumulates in itself richness of the moral and art esthetic relations. Therefore in the course of pedagogical work it is necessary to create healthy and solid educational collective and was able to use it for versatile development of the personality. Without such collective it is difficult to count on high efficiency of education.
And at last, the third stage of development of this requirement when the collective demands. It is that result which rewards you for nervous work of the first period. When the collective when the collective got off in known tone and style demands, work of the tutor becomes mathematically exact, organized work" (Makarenko A.S. T. Page 151,
The technique of creation and education of student's collective is based on two things: in - the first, it is necessary to involve all pupils in various and substantial joint activity and, in - the second, it is necessary to organize and stimulate this activity so that it rallied and united pupils in friendly and efficient staff.
The first stage in development of collective is characterized by that requirements of the teacher to pupils act as the rallying means. "The requirement stated in shape, not allowing objections, is necessary in each collective at the beginning.
Traditions develop collective, increase pithiness of his life, expand borders of activity of workers that has on them great educational influence, strengthens their unity, supports a pride for the collective.
The second stage of development of this requirement when the first, second, third, fourth activists when about you the group of boys and girls who consciously want to support discipline is organized came over to your side.
In order that pedagogical requirements were supported by all pupils, it is necessary to aspire to that they were supported by more conscious part of pupils. Therefore in educational work with collective education of a student's asset, development of his independence and adherence to principles is of great importance.
The main sign of collective is co-ordination, durability and effectiveness of business relations and responsible dependences between pupils. The mutual responsibility and amnesty which cornerstone personal, uzkogruppovy likes and dislikes most often are, are considered as an antipode of collective and a collectivism.